On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement and the support of the British government were presented, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union.  This is an exchange of letters between the European Commission and the United Kingdom, which sets out and confirms technical updates to the withdrawal agreement that reflect the extension of Article 50 beyond 29 March 2019. An updated copy of the retraction agreement that reflects these updates is also included. “The benefits of the withdrawal agreement, including a transitional period, will not be replicated in a non-agreement scenario. Mini sectoral agreements are not an option. The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the withdrawal agreement with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (abolition of the “backstop”) and a revised political declaration. On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) approved these texts. On May 14, 2019, Theresa May`s government announced that the House of Commons would vote on the withdrawal agreement for the fourth time this week starting June 3, 2019. This time, it would not only be a wise vote, but also a vote on the withdrawal agreement itself.  Meanwhile, the EU`s chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, has been open to the idea of a sustainable customs union between the UK and the EU. But in the event of a Non-Brexit Deal, the UK should first accept the three EU-27 demands, which are at the heart of the withdrawal agreement negotiations: budget contributions, citizens` rights and the Irish border. Only then could discussions on future relations and, therefore, a customs union begin.
This request was in line with one of the most coherent red lines of the EU-27: that negotiations on the UK`s withdrawal be completed before negotiations on future relations begin.  The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following key areas: On 14 March, the government`s request was adopted by 412 votes to 202. Four amendments were tabled, but they were not adopted. This meant that Prime Minister May would ask for an extension of Article 50 at the European Council on 21-22 March. In the beginning, there were two possibilities. If the withdrawal agreement and the political declaration were to be adopted in a third meaningful vote by March 20, May would ask for a brief extension until June 30 to prepare for an orderly withdrawal. If the withdrawal agreement and the political declaration were not adopted a third time, May would ask for a longer extension, probably beyond June 30. However, EU heads of state and government and officials have made it clear that the second option will require European elections in May, as the new European Parliament will meet for the first time on 1 July.