2015 Eu Refugee Agreement

On 11 February, NATO announced that it would send ships to the Aegean Sea to deter smugglers who transport migrants from Turkey to Greece; The first three ships were the HMCS Fredericton (FFH 337) of the Royal Canadian Navy, the TCG Barbaros (F-244) of the Turkish navy and Bonn (A1413) of NATO. NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg said the mission was not intended to “stop or repel refugee boats” but to collect and exchange information through the secret services with NATO allies Turkey and Greece. [466] On 19 September 2015, Austria authorised the entry of some 10,000 migrants from Slovenia and Hungary. [330] Austria has assumed the role of regulating the influx of migrants destined for Germany by feeding, sheltering and providing them with health care in transit. [331] In 2015, Greece overtook Italy as the main point of arrival and surpassed 2014 figures in the first six months of 2015: 67,500 people arrived in Italy, mainly Eritrea (25%), Nigeria (10%) Somalia (10%), while 68,000 arrived on the Greek islands, mainly from Syria (57%) Afghanistan (22%). [624] A total of 137,000 migrants crossed the Mediterranean for Europe in the first six months of 2015. [625] The United Kingdom has chosen not to participate in the relocation regime and has its own plan to relocate migrants directly from Syrian refugee camps. Refugees from the Middle East have sought asylum in Europe. [44] In 2015, more than 80% of the refugees who arrived in Europe by sea came from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan. [45] The routes on which these refugees are arriving in Europe are generally extremely dangerous. [46] The risk of such avenues has supported the arguments underlying the preferred motivations of some refugees to seek asylum in European countries.

[47] In November 2015, Sweden reinstated border controls for arrivals, including the Eresund Bridge. This did not reduce the number of asylum seekers, who had the right to apply for asylum as soon as they were on Swedish soil. In December 2015, Sweden passed a temporary law allowing the government to require all carriers to verify that their passengers were carrying valid photo identification before crossing the border. The new law came into force on December 21, 2015 and was valid until December 21, 2018. [577] It has led to the mandatory change of trains and the passage of border controls at Copenhagen Airport for travellers between Copenhagen and Sweden; Reduced service frequency. [578] In September 2015, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg stated that “immediate measures, discussions on borders, migrants and migrants, etc., are civil issues raised by the European Union.” [689] Czech Deputy Prime Minister Andrej BabiĆ© replied: “According to the head of NATO, the refugee problem is an EU problem, border management and the fight against human smugglers are in the power of some EU member states.” [367] On 4 September 2015, about a thousand migrants at the East Station (Keleti PĆ©lyaudvar) set off on foot for Austria and Germany. [486] [487] On the same night, the Hungarian government decided to send buses to transport illegal migrants to Hegyeshalom, on the border with Austria. [488] Croatia shares a land border with Serbia. As such, there was a risk of a massive influx of migrants from Serbia when Hungary erected a fence on its border with Serbia.