The gentlemen`s agreement of 1907 () was an informal agreement between the United States of America and the Empire of Japan紳協 which did not allow Japanese immigration and Japan to no longer emigrate to the United States. The aim was to ease tensions between the two Pacific states. The agreement was never ratified by the U.S. Congress and was replaced by the Immigration Act of 1924. This series of agreements has not yet resolved all outstanding issues. The treatment of Japanese residents by the United States continued to cause tensions between the two nations. The Alien Land Act of 1913, for example, prohibited the Japanese from owning or leasing land for more than three years and affected U.S.-Japanese relations in the years leading up to World War I. Economic competition in China, which the United States feared would lead to increased Japanese control, was another issue that exacerbated tensions between the two nations. In 1915, the Japanese launched their “twenty-one demands” to China to ask China to recognize its territorial claims, to prevent other powers from obtaining new concessions along its coasts, and to take a series of measures that should benefit the Japanese economically. China turned to the United States for help and U.S.
officials responded with a statement that they would not recognize an agreement threatening the open door. Although consistent with the policy to date, this announcement has done little to benefit the Chinese. However, President Woodrow Wilson was not prepared to take a stronger position because he needed help to protect American interests in Asia, to deal with the escalating conflict in Europe and to deal with racial problems in California. During the first two decades of the 20th century, relations between the United States and Japan were marked by increasing tensions and attempts to reduce the risk of diplomatic conflict. Each side had territory and interests in Asia, which they feared would threaten the other. U.S. treatment of Japanese immigrants and competition for economic and trade opportunities in China have also exacerbated tensions. At the same time, the territorial claims of each Pacific country have served as the basis for several agreements between the two nations, with each government striving to protect its own strategic and economic interests. 100 years ago, people complained that Japanese workers were accepting our work. Now they complain that Japanese students are taking chances that Japanese technology workers are over-represented. And they have turned their contempt for Asian workers toward Southeast Asian immigrants, those who cook, clean and perform other human tasks, in search of better opportunities, as they are subjected to an endless stream of racist comments that deprive “Americans” of job opportunities.